by Tanja Tuulikki Välisalo last modified Mar 09, 2010 01:56 PM


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Constructivism views knowledge as being formed in the research process.

  • Neither unchangeable truths nor a priori knowledge in the world exist because researchers construct scientific knowledge and truth.
  • Human beings, who researchers select to be the focus of their research, produce various truths and knowledge in their actions.
  • Phenomena and the meanings of the world are viewed as social and cultural constructions.
  • Qualitative methods are the norm.

Constructivism may be regarded as a contrast orientation to positivism.

Links to more information:

Constructivist epistemology. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.

Mahoney, Mihael J., 2003. What is Constructivism and Why is it Growing? Society for Constructivism in the Human Sciences.

Murphy, Elizabeth, 1997. Constructivist epistemology. In Constructivism: From Philosophy to Practice.