Rationalism

tekijä: Tanja Tuulikki Välisalo Viimeisin muutos tiistai 09. maaliskuuta 2010, 11.09

 

keha_tieteenfilosofiatphilosophy_of_sciencerationalismempiricismrealismpositivisminterpretivismrelativismiPragmatismhermeneutiikkakonstruktivismifenomenologiainstrumentalismStructuralismPsychoanalytic TheoryPost-StructuralismDeconstructionocial ConstructionismExistentialism

 

Rationalism stresses the formation of knowledge and truth through reason and logic.

  • Rationalism views knowledge as a priori, i.e. existing independently of human perception.
  • Thus, the bases of rationalism are the abstraction and theorization of the researched phenomena, and researchers apply either deductive or inductive logic to form their reasoning.

Rationalism and empiricism are fundamental principles in the philosophy of science.

Links to more information:

Markie, Peter, 2008. Rationalism vs. Empiricism. Zalta, Edward N. (ed.). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2008 Edition).

Lennon, Thomas M. and Shannon Dea, 2008. Continental Rationalism. Zalta, Edward N. (ed.). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2008 Edition).

Rationalism. New World Encyclopedia.

Rationalism. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.

A priori and a posteriori. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.