Open science and research

tekijä: Tiia Marjaana Puputti Viimeisin muutos perjantai 06. heinäkuuta 2018, 10.54

Open science promotes the idea that research publications, results, data and materials are to be freely accessible for anybody.

Most academic information sources are restricted, and accessing them is subject to a charge, unless you have university credentials such as Jyväskylä university username and password. However, it is also possible to find e.g. open access scholarly articles in the internet. They are academic articles published online and made available free of charge for anybody, including the general public, outside universities.

Academic publications that are openly online are one part of open science. In addition, open science also has to do with making other parts of research, like research data, available for further use. 

Open science and research is a way to promote science and to increase the visibility and the impact of science. Many research funding organizations require some sort of open access.


Open materials and information resources

High quality open online materials and information resources are produced and/or maintained by e.g.

  • universities
  • research organizations
  • national organizations
  • cities and municipalities
  • Statistics Finland
  • Finnish Social Science Data Archive (FSD)
  • The Language Bank of Finland (useful not only for linguistics, but for many research areas)
Open access journals
Search engines for open access resources
  • BASE Bielefelt Academic Search Engine
    - one of the world's most voluminous search engines especially for academic web resources.
Finnish research archives
  • Finnish Social Science Data Archive (FSD)
  • The Language Bank of Finland (useful not only for linguistics, but for many research areas)

These are Finnish research archives that contain research data. Their contents can be searched in

More on research data in the first section of Library Tutorial Research methods and data and Research data & copyright.

University archives in Finland

Open archives by universities contain resources including theses, dissertations and open access or parallel published publications and research data. Their contents can be searched in

Some examples:

Dissertations and theses

DART-Europe E-theses Portal

Freely accessible books online

Google Scholar

  • Google Scholar easily finds open access material e.g. from universities' archives, such as JYX archive in the University of Jyväskylä.
  • Use Google to find e.g. blogs, wikis, discussions and news on your topic, as well as conference papers and documents by public organizations.
  • If you search for open online material via Google, you have to use your discretion and evaluate your Google search carefully.

Even if a document is available openly online, remember that you still need to reference it if you use it in your own text. Instructions on How to cite are in the third section of Library Tutorial.

Open access at the University of Jyväskylä

Open access -logo

There are many ways to make a publication openly accessible.

  • "Green" open access means publishing the article in a traditional licensed journal, and in addition, parallelly storing it, in an open archive whenever it is possible. This is also called parallel publishing. The publisher decides which publications can be parallelly stored and with what conditions, e.g. the length of the possible embargo. The Open Science Center of our University takes care of the rights and the whole parallel publishing process. For the researcher, this is free of charge.
  • "Gold" open access means publishing the article in an open access journal. The researcher / research group / organization pays a publishing fee. These publications are also parallelly stored.
  • Note that you cannot refer to the parallelly stored material, but only to the original publication. In our University's open archive, JYX - Jyväskylä University Digital Archive, you will always find a text box with the correct citation.
  • Open access publishing in scholarly journals started to become more common in 2000. At the moment, the "gold" open access is the fastest growing way.
  • Further information: Jyväskylä University Open access portal.