tekijä: Tanja Tuulikki Välisalo Viimeisin muutos maanantai 08. maaliskuuta 2010, 14.19


keha_tieteenfilosofiat philosophy_of_sciencerationalismempiricismrealismpositivisminterpretivismrelativismiPragmatismhermeneutiikkakonstruktivismifenomenologiainstrumentalismStructuralismPsychoanalytic TheoryPost-StructuralismDeconstructionocial ConstructionismExistentialism


Realism stresses the notion of knowledge as an objective phenomenon, which exists independently of observers.

  • The basis is that precise observations of a phenomenon enable you,to get closer to the knowledge and truth (which are not dependent on the researcher, research perspective, or circumstances)
  • Often forms the basis of quantitative research strategies and methods.
  • However, qualitative research methods are also valid

Realism and positivism are closely interwoven.

Realism is a contrast orientation to relativism.

Links to more information:

Scientific Realism. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.

Boyd, Richard, 2008. Scientific Realism. Zalta, Edward N. (ed.). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2008 Edition).