Realism stresses the notion of knowledge as an objective phenomenon, which exists independently of observers.
- The basis is that precise observations of a phenomenon enable you,to get closer to the knowledge and truth (which are not dependent on the researcher, research perspective, or circumstances)
- Often forms the basis of quantitative research strategies and methods.
- However, qualitative research methods are also valid
Realism and positivism are closely interwoven.
Realism is a contrast orientation to relativism.
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