Information resources for different needs

tekijä: Eeva Marjatta Koponen Viimeisin muutos maanantai 19. joulukuuta 2016, 12.13
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Everyday information and scientific information

Information seeking in a research process aims at finding scholarly sources on a given topic. Therefore, it’s important to understand the difference between everyday information and scientific information. 
 

 Everyday information and reasoning

Scientific information and reasoning

  • unchallenged
  • often unconscious
  • based on single selective observations
  • often inconsistent
  • disconnected facts and generalizations
  • critical and challenging
  • based on scientific methods and research, well-reasoned
  • public and open, with propositions and reasoning presented
  • systematic
  • creates new patterns of thought
  • based on traditions, beliefs and personal preferences
  • evaluated in critical discourse within the scientific community
  • operates with concepts, conceptual meanings and relationships
  • useful in exploring the topic and as a research subject
  • useful in everyday routines
  • requires systematic and extensive exploration of previous research
  • aims at comparing previous findings and placing oneself within the research tradition
  • e.g. Google and Wikipedia
  • You will learn adequate information searching skills with Library Tutorial 


Scholarly and popular sources

In addition to scholarly publications, research results are also reported in popular publications such as newspapers, journals and online sources like Google and Wikipedia. Although the subject of these publications is scholarly, the source itself is no. Therefore, you cannot use it as a source in your research.

Note also that resources such as library database JYKDOK can contain both scientific  and non-scientific sources. You as the writer are responsible for assessing your sources. More about assessing sources in Section 2 Finding Sources and in Section 3: Citing and managing references.


Information resources for different needs

The term information resource refers to databases, search engines, reference works and other resources that we use in order to find different publication types, such as books and articles. Your choice of information resources depends on what kind of information you wish to find. For example, when you need to get a certain course book, you will use the library database, whereas for browsing scientific articles on your topic, you need to consult a field-specific database.  

Information need

Source of information

Defining the topic and getting an overview Encyclopedias, literature reviews, thesis
Browsing scholarly sources, preliminary search JYKDOK (books and e-books), JYKDOK International e-materials search (articles), Google Scholar
Systematic information search

Field-specific databases

A fact

Reference books

A book (when you know the name of the book) Library database JYKDOK
An article (when you know the name of the article) Field-specific databases, JYKDOK International e-materials search (e-articles), Google Scholar
Research methods SAGE Research Methods Online (SRMO)

 

JYKDOK, the library materials database

  • JYKDOK is a database of library materials: books, e-books, theses, dissertations, printed journals and e-journals, newspapers and databases.
  • You cannot search for articles in the basic JYKDOK, but you can do so via the International e-materials search, which includes journal articles and news articles as well as e-books. International e-material search can be used as an addition with other search services such as databases. Databases are usually more accurate and offer more efficient search options and subject-specific help.
  • You can access electronic materials from computers connected to the Jyväskylä University network or at home using remote access.
  • Visit the Help page in JYKDOK to find tips for searching.

Use JYKDOK to locate the key databases for your subject

  • If you know the name of a database, e.g. Academic Search Elite, write the name in the search box and choose Databases from the drop-down menu. Click "database interface" to access the database.
  • If you want to see databases of an academic discipline, or don't know the databases in your field, do an empty search and choose Format > Database and Research Area > your research area. Click "database interface" to access a database.
  • You can also find about the key resources in your subject from the Resources by Subject pages.